Factual Writing


Man with shotgun marches down London Street

Published: 14:40, 8 September 2016

The Purpose behind this factual writing is to inform people about events that took place in a part of London. In general Factual writing is informing people with facts and real life things.  Generally factual writing is unbiased. However in this case it is biased against the criminal who attacked to innocent pedestrians.

The message with in the writing is very clear it states an incident that happened in Brixton. It talks about the horror of the incident. It also sends a message to readers to help local authorities to apprehend the suspects. It outlines this by stating “WHO ARE THE SUSPECTS? POLICE WANT TO SPEAK TO 3 MEN”. This shows us that the writer encourages people to contact the police.

The writing itself explains a lot even though it’s short. It pinpoints when the situation occurs it protects the incidents of the victims. The subject is treated professionally and respects the victims. It also tries to help with the situation by asking readers to help investigators.

In the article it shows a video of what happens. The article is based around the footage which captures everything that happens. The video and the article is very similar. The sources used was from authentic places such as hospital records. The writer also quotes official police statements.

The language used is formal and clear. The article is very well explained. The communication between the article and the reader is clear. It includes all the important things that happen and keeps the readers informed.

The illustrations used where screenshots from released footages of what happened that day. The photos have been edited and captions asks the reader to tell the police if they recognise any of the suspects.

Legal issues that the article takes to consideration is not mentioning the names of the people who were injured or showing their identities in the video.













“Obama stands up for Clinton”

In this article, the writer writes the views of the current president Barrack Obama regarding Donald Trump. The writing shows how Obama has support for white house nominee Hillary Clinton. The message within the article points out how Obama is endorsing Hillary and saying she is fit to be his successor.

The article is very accurate because it quotes the president in his interview. It also commentates on his quotes explaining further his views and future actions. You would also know the writing to be accurate because it reference’s previous news such as Hillary Clinton being diagnosed with Pneumonia.

The writing is biased in favour of the Democratic Party. We see this with some words that are in favour of Clinton such as “blasted” this shows that the writer feels more open to the democrats then the republicans. The way the bias writing effects the article is by making it one sided. There is no sentence which shows the response from Donald trump who was “blasted” by Obama. The way it was written can be overlooked. However the article is about Obama so it is centred on his views.

The language used is very powerful and harsh. For example a sentence in the article uses words that describe how predators attack their prey. “Barack Obama ripped into Donald trump…” This quote shows how devastating Obama’s verbal attack was on Donald trump. It makes the audience read on to see what Obama said.

Illustrations can show the reactions of people. It can be effective to show how people responded. The use of the picture shows Obama during his solo camera appearance. The picture reassures the reader that the article is written from Obamas prospective. The picture can also grab the reader’s attention because the picture is of Obama who is a leader of a country and he holds influence over people.

The way the article is designed is very similar to other articles. It has a bold black title on top of the article. The article also has a picture which has a caption next to it.  Even though the article is small it can still gain a reader’s attention. It uses 3 well know names in one sentence. It’s small and brief and can be over read. However the title and illustration can still grab attention.

The writer keeps his article legal and does not involve controversial topics with his writings. The writer does not name children in his article or family members in his work. This is very important because people can sue the newspaper or the writer for it. The writer does not criticise Trump a lot because it could cause problems. However he uses quotes from Barak Obama instead. The quotes the writer uses is in favour of Barak Obama.









Local garden party

Walthamstow garden party leaflet was made to inform people about an event which is aimed at people in the Waltham forest community.

The message within the leaflet is very clear it tells the reader that there is an event for people from all types of ethnicities. It mentions different music artists as well as activities people can go to. It also talks about its free.

The writing does not give a lot of information and it’s very brief. It does not explain age restriction or activities for children. It does however explain the location and what the main activities are.  It focus on informing people that there are wide range of activities.

The writing seems very accurate. It gives dates as well as locations that exist. They show their twitter and Facebook accounts. They also have a website to show announcements however the reader would need to sign up to see updates and a festival guide.

The writing is not biased because it is information about an event that is going to take place. The writing is only stain facts and it does not have a hidden agenda and it is straightforward giving the details.

The language used is formal but very relaxed and open. Only a few paragraphs used to explain the leaflet. This is effective because people don’t like reading long complicated leaflets because it puts them off.

On both sides of the leaflet there are illustrations. The picture on the front side shows the crowd. This shows the reader how many people visit this event and it shows how big the event is going to be. On the leaflet the editor places flowers with bright colours linking it to a “garden” party in the Heading this is because typically there are flowers in gardens. On the other side of the leaflet the picture design is very clever because on the bottom u see a child running and people relaxing. This shows that the event is open for all ages as well as people can relax and enjoy themselves. Another point would be how the editor used the open blue sky for the text. This can also reflect the weather and the mood of things on the day.

The style in which the leaflet was made only uses a few basic colours. This is effective because sometimes to many colours might gain a reader’s attention but it can still put some readers off. The colours are effective because it shows the how the event would be like. The colours can still grab people’s attention even if it’s not bright. It’s an A5 sheet which is easy to carry and keep. The size of writing is balanced and easy to read.

Legal issues the writer and photographer should consider is talking pictures of people with permission. If without permission the organisers could get sued or problems would occur for future events. The writer uses legal addresses and mentions all organises and fundraisers.


Interview techniques.

In the media world interviews are done to get a perspective on events, people and certain topics which have been brought into the spotlight. Interviews can be done by anyone from TV hosts to journalists. An interview does not have to be just be on television but I can be done on multiple platforms to reach its audience. For example radio and print. This essay will look at interview techniques from a range of examples from different platforms such as TV, Radio and print.




CNN is one of the words biggest news channels and broadcasters. After the inauguration of President Donald Trump, CNN did an interview with senator Bernie Sanders who was a former democratic nominee. The questions that was put forward by the anchor was direct in order to know what Bernie Sanders thoughts were. They also discuss statements that were previously said by the senator on twitter. This was done so there could be an insight on what the senator meant.

The structure of this interview is mainly one key question by the anchor. Then a long answer by the senator. If the anchor needs more information or wants the interviewee to elaborate then he interrupts him and asks the question. The questions slowly develop to get a full picture. There was a wind up question in the beginning which the guest ignored. The question asked the guest if he was running for president would he of won. This question was wind up because the guest Bernie Sanders lost the Democratic Party’s vote.

The style of this interview was investigative because the questions were not light hearted or promotional etc. The questions are deliberately said in order to see what someone is actually saying. The questions are to investigate what the senator was going to do after the defeat of the Democratic Party in the U.S election.

The anchors body language shows that he is actively listening. He comments on some statements and even in thanks the guest for watching the show. The interviewer interacts with the guest instead of just leaving him alone. He comes up with questions which shows that a good amount of time was used to investigate what Bernie sanders stance was on Trump.

The journalist side of the interview was very interesting because with the question is asked an imprint of a tweet is shown on screen.

The purpose of the interview was informational because Trump had won and know people want to know what the democrats are going to do next. This is mainly after the defeat of Hillary Clinton.




Leadings Britain’s Conversation aka LBC is a radio channel where they report latest news such as road blocks and updates on recent events etc. It is known to talk about political issues and ask questions to people who are calling. David Mellor a Host at LBC radio had an interview at 10am were he talked about Ken Livingstone’s remark on Anti-Semitism after his comments about Hitler working with Zionists. This interview turned more in to a discussion with another speaker on the show.

The question started with a direct question regarding the comment made by the guest on live television. It started with the back story on what happened previously and the relation both the host and guest had in the past. After the question was answered the host asked another question which was suggestive for the guest to apologies for his previous comment on Hitler and Israel. We see this when he said “Hitler is a n unhelpful person, if you’re in a hole stop digging”. This was more a comment then a question but was presented as a question to the guest.

The style of the interview was investigative and changed to become more combative on the issue of the questions not being answered properly. The reason why it became more combative was because the questions where being asked as if it’s yes or no with a less open approach.

The structure of the interview was made to slowly build up:

In the beginning; the topic was mentioned and the first question was open to the guest.

Towards the middle of the interview we see that the questions were more direct asking the guest to apologize for remark. A few key questions are thrown to make the guest address them however the guest decided that he would move them aside and repeat his view. For example when the guest said “I’m sorry I said that… because it’s wasted all this time…but I can’t bring myself to deny the truth”. This answer caused the structure of the interview to change

At the end of the interview the guest repeats his stance and only indirectly apologizes for his comment because the hysteria it created. At the end part of the segment of the radio interview the host asks if the guest could apologise before the commercials came in. There was no summary on the interview which would have explained what happened and gave a brief explanation. It was a key question that kept being mentioned.

From the interview we hear and see that the host actively listens to the guest. The interruptions are only done when the guest believes the answer is not given properly. The language being used was simple and was not to complex. The atmosphere was clam and was not too aggressive. The questions were all similar and related to one another.

The interview was about previous comments made by the guest Ken Livingstone. The radio host had gathered previous information on Ken Livingstone. They also brought up comments Ken Livingstone said about Hitler.

The purpose of this interview is to gain a better understanding on the story of Ken Livingstone’s remark. It was constructed to see if Ken Livingstone explain his stance on the problem he caused.



“I’m forever growing”

NME is a magazine witch talks about Music and features artists in interviews. It is a magazine which is free every Friday. This magazine reviews music, concerts and talks about music events that are going to place and have taken place.

One of the interviews they did in there 9th of September 2016 magazine was with a grime artist by the name of Wrench 32. It was titled “I’m forever growing” the interview was about ‘Growing over life’ the third album released by the artist.

The opening question “What does the phrase ‘growing over life’ mean?” it was in bold to separate itself from the artists answer. The question was direct and was said to ask to the artist so he could explain the meaning. It was an open question in the since there was no ‘yes or no’ answers. The question “It’s a political album. Do you feel angry at the current political climate?” This question was suggestive contrary to the first question. It was trying to suggest that the artist was angry due to the events surrounding Mark Duggan’s death. This question was answered which showed the reason why the artist was angry and why he wouldn’t. The answer was lengthy but it was straight to the point when he said he didn’t want to capitalise on his friend’s death. The last question was a direct and open question. The interviewee said “The song ‘Liberation’-and its video, in which you climb on top of a police van – is a protest against police brutality. Does the UK need to build its own Black Lives Matter movement?” This question is direct to the artist. It is asked to see his opinion on the BLM organisation and if there should be one in the UK. The answer was short and there artist gave his honest opinion.

The style of the interview was promotional because on the side of the interview we see an image of the artist. The image was accompanied by the caption: “‘Growing Over Life’s out now on Polydor Records”. This shows us that the magazine is promoting the artist and his new track. The questions all relate to the released album. The questions were not investigative but were said to promote the artist and his track. The questions kept going referring back to the life of the artist and his works.

The way the interview was structured was in the beginning there was a brief introduction on the artist and his track. The Intro also talks about how the interviewer had a past conversation before the interview. For the interview the questions are in bold to distinguish the question and answer.

The context of the interview was on print for a music magazine. The music magazine has another interview for a band instead of an individual artist. The two interviews are very different.

The purpose of the interview was to promote the album that was being released. The interview was to know why the meaning behind some of the songs of the track. Many of the questions asked have been explaining the opinion of the artist.








From looking at the interviews I saw many techniques being used to understand the topic being put forward and discussed. Many of the techniques that are used have been effective and many have been weak in content to the situation. So in TV the interview technique of being direct used by the host on the CNN TV show was not seen appropriate because the nature of the question had an off putting reaction from the guest being interviewed. An effective technique I found was having a Q/A when talking with a guest. From the evidence shown it looks more comfortable and looks to be more effective in gaining answers and understanding the situation.












CNN Interview: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=olILIkiIrM0


LBC interview: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1UGAFYnpKoU


“I’m forever growing”


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